How to achieve high milk production? "Mastitis: How to prevent"
Mastitis is an inflammation of the udder tissue. This can be caused by a physical trauma or an infection (microorganisms).
As mentioned in our previous article, mastitis directly affects the quality and quantity of milk production in dairy farms, and indirectly affects farm economy. Link to more information - "Mastitis: The big enemy of the dairy farmer" Therefore, it is of utmost importance to reduce its incidence.
Some important points to help reduce the incidence of mastitis in dairy cows:
- Hygiene and cleanliness: It is crucial to keep facilities clean. Cows should be milked in a clean, dry environment and milking equipment should be cleaned and disinfected regularly. Workers should wash their hands before milking. Hygiene is paramount.
- Environment control: Maintaining a dry, ventilated environment is important for preventing mastitis.
- Adequate nutrition: A balanced and adequate diet will provide a better immune system.
- Early detection: It is important to detect mastitis in its early stages. Some signs include; swelling, redness, and warmth in the udder, as well as a decrease in milk production. Early detection of mastitis helps greatly to prevent cross-infection to other cows within the herd, avoiding the use of strong antibiotics and expensive treatments of potentially more serious illnesses.
- Proper cow handling: Cows should be handled properly to prevent stress, injuries, and other diseases that can increase the risk of mastitis.
Image thanks to Wolfgang Ehrecke